National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) was constituted vide Government of India Resolution dated 29th August, 1997 as an attached office of the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers as an independent Regulator for pricing of drugs and to ensure availability and accessibility of medicines at affordable prices.
NPPA’s role as a Regulator is to work towards a Healthy Nation by making medicines accessible and affordable while creating an enabling environment for the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry to develop into a world leader. NPPA administers ‘Pharma Sahi Dam’ and ‘Pharma Jan Samadhan’ platforms for information on medicine prices and registering public grievances. The Integrated Public Database Management System 2.0 (IPDMS) is being implemented for online information collection from Pharma manufacturers.
NPPA is expanding outside Delhi, through the Price Monitoring and Research Units (PMRUs) at State levels. PMRU will function at the State level under the direct supervision of the State Drug Controller for increasing outreach of NPPA.
The primary function of PMRUs is to assist NPPA in monitoring of prices of drugs, ensuring availability of drugs and raising consumer awareness. They act as collaborating partners of NPPA with information gathering mechanism at the grass-roots level.
They will render necessary technical assistance to both the NPPA and the respective State Drug Controllers of States/ Union Territories. PMRUs will also ensure that the benefits of the DPCO (revised from time to time) trickle down at the grassroots level. NPPA, under its Central Sector Scheme named Consumer Awareness, Publicity and Price Monitoring (CAPPM), has already set up of PMRUs in 25 States/ Union Territories.
Pharma Sahi Daam from NPPA is an online search tool for checking prices of Scheduled/Non-Scheduled medicines instantly at the time of purchasing medicines and for searching medicine substitutes.